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Queen Elizabeth II passed away on 8th September 2022 (1 Viewer)

Elizabeth facing right in a half-length portrait photograph
Formal portrait, 1959
Reign6 February 1952 – 8 September 2022
Coronation2 June 1953
PredecessorGeorge VI
SuccessorCharles III
BornPrincess Elizabeth of York
21 April 1926
Mayfair, London, England
Died8 September 2022 (aged 96)
Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Burial19 September 2022
King George VI Memorial Chapel, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
SpousePrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

(m. 1947; died 2021)
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
FatherGeorge VI
MotherElizabeth Bowes-Lyon
SignatureElizabeth's signature in black ink
Elizabeth's voice
Speech on her 21st birthday in Cape Town, South Africa
Recorded on 21 April 1947
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; 21 April 1926 – 8 September 2022) was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her lifetime and remained the monarch of 15 realms by the time of her death. Her reign of over 70 years is the longest of any British monarch and the longest verified reign of any female head of state in history.
Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother). Her father acceded to the throne in 1936 upon the abdication of his brother Edward VIII, making the ten-year-old Princess Elizabeth the heir presumptive. She was educated privately at home and began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In November 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, and their marriage lasted 73 years until his death in 2021. They had four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward.
When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth—then 25 years old—became queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (known today as Sri Lanka), as well as head of the Commonwealth. Elizabeth reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes such as the Troubles in Northern Ireland, devolution in the United Kingdom, the decolonisation of Africa, and the United Kingdom's accession to the European Communities and withdrawal from the European Union. The number of her realms varied over time as territories gained independence and some realms became republics. As queen, Elizabeth was served by more than 170 prime ministers across her realms. Her many historic visits and meetings included state visits to China in 1986, to Russia in 1994, and to the Republic of Ireland in 2011, and meetings with five popes and fourteen US presidents.
Significant events included Elizabeth's coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver, Golden, Diamond, and Platinum jubilees in 1977, 2002, 2012, and 2022, respectively. Although she faced occasional republican sentiment and media criticism of her family—particularly after the breakdowns of her children's marriages, her annus horribilis in 1992, and the death in 1997 of her former daughter-in-law Diana—support for the monarchy in the United Kingdom remained consistently high throughout her lifetime, as did her personal popularity. Elizabeth died aged 96 at Balmoral Castle in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, in September 2022 and was succeeded by her eldest son, Charles III.

Charles III14 November 1948 (age 74)29 July 1981
Divorced 28 August 1996
Lady Diana SpencerWilliam, Prince of Wales
Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex
9 April 2005Camilla Parker BowlesNone
Anne, Princess Royal15 August 1950 (age 72)14 November 1973
Divorced 23 April 1992
Mark PhillipsPeter Phillips
  • Savannah Phillips
  • Isla Phillips
Zara Tindall
  • Mia Tindall
  • Lena Tindall
  • Lucas Tindall
12 December 1992Timothy LaurenceNone
Prince Andrew, Duke of York19 February 1960 (age 63)23 July 1986
Divorced 30 May 1996
Sarah FergusonPrincess Beatrice, Mrs Edoardo Mapelli MozziSienna Mapelli Mozzi
Princess Eugenie, Mrs Jack Brooksbank
  • August Brooksbank
  • Ernest Brooksbank
Prince Edward, Duke of Edinburgh10 March 1964 (age 59)19 June 1999Sophie Rhys-JonesLady Louise Mountbatten-WindsorNone
James Mountbatten-Windsor, Earl of WessexNone



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